Some areas of the park were formerly part of the princely state of Tehri Garhwal. The forests were cleared by the Environment and Forests Department (Uttarakhand) to make the area less vulnerable to Rohilla invaders. The Raja of Tehri formally ceded a part of his princely state to the East India Company in return for their assistance in ousting the Gurkhasfrom his domain. The Buksas—a tribe from the Terai—settled on the land and began growing crops, but in the early 1860s they were evicted with the advent of British rule.
Efforts to save the forests of the region began in the 19th century under Major Ramsay, the British Officer who was in-charge of the area during those times. The first step in the protection of the area began in 1868 when the British forest department established control over the land and prohibited cultivation and the operation of cattle stations. In 1879 these forests were constituted into a reserve forest where restricted felling was permitted.
In the early 1900s, several Britishers, including E. R. Stevans and E. A. Smythies, suggested the setting up of a national park on this soil. The British administration considered the possibility of creating a game reserve there in 1907. It was only in the 1930s that the process of demarcation for such an area got underway. A reserve area known as Hailey National Park covering 323.75 km2 (125.00 sq mi) was created in 1936, when Sir Malcolm Hailey was the Governor of United Provinces; and Asia’s first national park came into existence. Hunting was not allowed in the reserve, only timber cutting for domestic purposes. Soon after the establishment of the reserve, rules prohibiting killing and capturing of mammals, reptiles and birds within its boundaries were passed.
The reserve was renamed in 1954–55 as Ramganga National Park and was again renamed in 1955–56 as Corbett National Park. The new name honours the well-known author and naturalist, Jim Corbett.
The park fared well during the 1930s under an elected administration. But, during the Second World War, it suffered from excessive poachingand timber cutting. Over time, the area in the reserve was increased—797.72 km2 (308.00 sq mi) were added in 1991 as a buffer zone to the Corbett Tiger Reserve. The 1991 addition included the entire Kalagarh forest division, assimilating the 301.18 km2 (116.29 sq mi) area of Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary as a part of the Kalagarh division. It was chosen in 1974 as the location for launching Project Tiger, an ambitious and well known wildlife conservation project. The reserve is administered from its headquarters in the Nainital district.
Corbett National Park is one of the thirteen protected areas covered by the World Wide Fund For Nature under their Terai Arc LandscapeProgram. The program aims to protect three of the five terrestrial flagship species, the tiger, the Asian elephant and the great one-horned rhinoceros, by restoring corridors of forest to link 13 protected areas of Nepal and India, to enable wildlife migration.
Imagine a place on planet earth where you could see the world’s stately big cat “Royal Bengal Tiger”, take the subtle glimpses of world’s toughest sporting fish called “Masheer” and experience a trek on the foothills of Almora ranges where a puff of fresh air and breathtaking array of flowers welcomes you at every step. This is the reason why Corbett has a haunt for wildlife tourists and nature lovers for a long time. Giving shelter to about 600 species of birds, 500 species of flora and numerous varieties of wild animals, Corbett is the best protected and managed national parks in India.
Corbett National Park is one of the best natural destinations where the richest concentrations of animals occur. Game drives in an open safari vehicles are the best way to discover the beauty and wilderness of the Corbett. If you love watching tigers in their natural habitats then leave the town behind look forward to Corbett in search of majestic tigers and wealth of wildlife species.
Best Time to Enjoy Jeep Safari in Corbett National Park
It is a great advantage to the visitors of Corbett National Park is that the park is open 365 days a year. But the perfect time to enjoy jeep safari is from mid of November to end of June. Bijrani and Dhikala zone is closed during monsoon season as most of the roads get washed away due to rain.Vivid traveller who once visit Corbett Tiger Reserve often love jeep safari ride in wild jungle. But for this adventurous ride, you must have proper permission/permit from the forest department. Jeep safari is the star attraction of the CTR. While you are on open jeep, you can spot the majestic tigers resting in their natural habitat. You can imagine apex form of tourism while you are on a jeep. Keep you cameras at the ready as you can click some amazing pictures of the tigers. Jeeps and guides are provided by us so you can make contact with our expert tour leader. We have a wildlife team specializes in customizing itineraries based on the wildlife interest and adventure quotient of our guest.
Online Jeep Safari Booking Procedure:
If you are dreaming of a wildlife safari in Corbett, we recommend visitors to get booked their safari in advance. Indian nationals are supposed to intimate us 30 days before the date of actual visit while foreign nationals can ask 90 days before for the same. If you do so, you can get easily the desired safari zones, though all the zones have a sound population of wildlife species and sightings are reported more or less same.
At a distance of 38 km from Nainital, 5 km from Kaladhungi and 26 km from Ramnagar, Corbett Waterfalls is situated on Ramnagar – Kaladhungi highway in Nainital district. Corbett Falls is among the top places to visit in Nainital and also one of the best places to visit near Delhi.
Corbett Falls is a scenic water fall and is surrounded by dense teak wood forest. This waterfall is cascading down from a height of 20 m in to a pool. Sound of the waterfall makes perfect melody with chippings of the birds. The fall is not very huge and bathing in the falls is no longer permitted, but the natural beauty around the place has to be enjoyed and appreciated. This is another popular attraction not to miss in a Nainital tour package.
Trekking in the forests, bird watching and nature walks are popular activities around Corbett Falls. There are no shops or stalls, so visitors need to carry their own food and water.
Corbett Waterfall can be reach by hiring taxi or bus from Kaladhungi or Ramnagar. Visitors have to take small trek of 1.5 km from main road to reach Corbett Falls or one has to drive from the main road on a very bumpy road till the parking area and then walk to the falls about 300 m away.
Entry Fee: Rs. 50 for Adults, Rs. 25 for Children and Rs. 100 for Four Wheelers.
Timings: 8 AM to 5 PM
3.Garjiya Devi Temple
Garjiya Devi Temple is a noted Devi temple located in the Garjiya village near Ramnagar, Uttarakhand, India, on the outskirts of the Corbett National Park. It is a sacred Shakti shrine where Garjiya Devi is the presiding deity. The temple is situated over a large rock in the Kosi River and is one of the most famous temples of the Nainital district, visited by thousands of devotees during Kartik Poornima, a Hindu holy day celebrated on the fifteenth lunar day of Kartik (November – December) The first priest was Pt. Keshav Dutt Pandey who began worship of Devi Girija. There is also a statue of LakshmiNarayan of 9th century, made from black granite. Many people go there every day to worship in the temple. Many people bathe in the Kosi river near Garjiya temple.
How to reach :
This sacred temple is situated near Ramnagar on NH 121. Garjiya Devi Temple is located at 13 km fromRamnagar and 75 km from Nainital. One can reach Garjia Temple by taxi or bus from Ramnagar. Nearest railway station is at Ramnagar Railway Station (13 kms) and airport at Pantnagar airport or Delhi IGI airport.
Advanture Activities in Corbet park
Perfectly suitable for an adventurous, wildlife and Nature holiday, the landscape of the Corbett National Park and its surrounding regions are adorned with the breathtaking scenic view of mountain range, valleys, pristine river channels and dense forest. A holiday in Corbett Park is considered heavenly and fulfilling for the adventure seekers and wildlife lovers. The thrilling experience of forest safari and other adventurous activities always fascinate tourists to this beautiful and serene place.
Apart from the famous wildlife safari to explore the forest and spotting the Majestic Tigers, the visitors of Corbett National Park India can pamper themselves by indulging in the activities like River Crossing, River Rafting, Fishing & Angling, Rappelling, Mountain Climbing, Nature Walk, Birding, Jungle Drive, Cycling, Trekking, etc. Below are the few of the prime adventure activities which are available in the Corbett for you to indulge in without any hassle
Nature Walk :
An amazing experience for the Nature lovers, the Nature walk or the Trekking in the forest is organized by the expert guides in the nearby dense forest of Corbett is one of the most sought-after adventure activities in the Corbett. The enchanting surroundings of a tranquil forest with the soothing chirping sounds of the birds and occasional sounds of wild animals’ make the trekking very peaceful to mind yet an adventurous activity. Refresh your mind and body with the Jungle Trek in the morning and feel the captivating effect of raw Nature.
Cycling amidst the raw Nature on the forest track or on the dusty track besides agriculture land has its own charm. Cycling in the Corbett is pretty famous among kids and young visitors, which is quite adventurous in the quiet and tranquil forest. Spending time in the closeness of Nature and the chance of viewing the village landscape while cycling through the villages are very enriching and exciting.
The forest of the Corbett Park is known for being the home to hundreds of species of domestic as well as migratory birds. The forest is like a paradise for the bird lovers so the bird-loving tourists will get a lot of chances to enjoy the birding while in Corbett. Go for the birding with your camera to capture the exotic beauty of avifauna while on Nature walk amidst the dense beautiful forest of Corbett.
River Rafting :
River Rafting on the Kosi River that flows beside the Corbett National Park is the adventure activity one can indulge in while on the Corbett tour. However, the rafting in the Kosi is not as thrilling as the rafting in other popular rivers like in the Ganga River but you will enjoy this adventure activity in Corbett. The river rafting in the Kosi River can be done only in the Monsoon season when the water level in the river is high.
Rope Slithering :
Rope slithering from the old suspension bridge built on Kosi River in the Corbett National Park is really a thrilling experience for the adventure seekers. The activity involves the jumping from the bridge in the Kosi River by slithering on the rope which is tied to the participant’s body. This bridge is located near the Garjia Temple at the serene and peaceful location. The activity is organized and monitored by the expert adventure service provider keeping all the necessary safety measure on top so that you will have a memorable experience.
River Crossing :
River Crossing is the next activity in the line of adventure activities in Corbett which is organized at the bank of the Kosi River. This activity is a group adventure activity which involves crossing the river in a group by taking the help of the rope. The rope is tied strongly at both banks of the river and participants have to cross the river by holding the rope and walking in the river water. The activity is done under the guidance of the experts.
Body Surfing :
Flowing freely with the current of the river is a relaxing and exciting adventure activity in the summer season. This activity is organized in Kichadi River – a small hilly river flowing nearby the Corbett Park. The river has crystal clear water stream and smooth edges, and considered best for organizing the body surfing activity. This water game is organized under the expert’s supervision so considered safe for family or school children or any other groups.