The city and Bagnath Temple find mention in the Manaskhand of Shiva Purana, where it is written that the temple and its surrounding city was built by Chandeesh, a servant of the Hindu deity Shiva.] According to another Hindu Legend, Sage Markandeya worshipped Lord Shiva here.Lord Shiva blessed sage Markandeya by visiting here in the form of a Tiger.
Bageshwar has historically been a part of Kumaon Kingdom. Bageshwar was located adjacent to Kartikeypura, the then capital of Katyuri Kings that ruled over Kumaon in the 7th century. According to historians, Nepalese invader Kranchaldev won the Bageshwar region by defeating Katyuri kings in 1191. He later weakened the Katyuris and kept his local governors to rule the region.
These governors later became independent before Chand king Balo Kalyan Chand of Almora won the region from local Khas rulers in 1565. In the 10th century, the Chand kingdom was established by Som Chand. He displaced the Katyuri Kings, called his state Kurmanchal and established its capital in Champawat in Kali Kumaon.In 1568,Kalyan Chand established a permanent capital at Khagmara and called it Almora.
In 1791, the Gorkhas of Nepal while expanding their kingdom westwards across Kali River, invaded and overran Almora, the seat of the Kumaon Kingdom and other parts of Kumaon including Bageshwar. The Gorkhas were defeated by the East India Company in Anglo-Nepalese War in 1814 and were forced to cede Kumaon to the British as part of the Treaty of Sugauli in 1816.
Top 10 Visit Places to Bageshwar
Baijnath, Bageshwar Overview
A beautiful ancient town tucked in the eastern half of the Garhwal Himalayas, Baijnath is popular for the Baijnath Temple and other ancient temples, a lot of which are now in ruins. Situated in the easternmost corner of Uttarakhand on the banks of River Gomti Baijnath is a wonderful little town with rich history and heritage. The famous capital of the Katyuri Kingdom in the medieval era of Indian history, Baijnath today is full of ruins belonging to that by gone era with the crowning jewel being the Baijnath Temple.
The temple which is the heartbeat of the town and its most glorious possession. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva and was built around the 12th century. The temple has stood the test of time remarkably well and is well preserved till date. It makes for an excellent excursion trip for people staying at Kausani and Almora.
Bagnath Temple, Bageshwar Overview
The Bagnath Temple in the middle of the town of Bageshwar derives its name from the incident of the celebrated sage Markandeya being visited Lord Shiva in the form of a tiger.
Bagnath, literally translates to The Tiger Lord, made from joining the hindi words, ‘bagh’ meaning tiger, and ‘nath’, the hindi word for a higher celestial being. The temple was constructed in 1450, by the then ruler of Kumaon, Laxmi Chand, and stands at the breathtaking point where the river Gomati and Sarayu converge. Every year in the memory of the sage being visited by the god, a fair is held in the Hindu calendar month of Shravan, thronged by thousands of people who come to take a dip in the holy waters. The entrance is head lined by huge bells, which reverberate throughout the day, owing to the wish granting ability of the tiger-god.
Kanda, Bageshwar Overview
Situated at the confluence of three rivers, namely, Saryu, Gomti and latent Bhagirathi, lies the holy township of Bageshwar, which is also revered to as the pious land associated with Lord Sadashiva, said to be the redeemer of all sins. If we wre to believe the puranas, this undoubtedly is a place capable of liberating one from the eternal bondage of births & deaths. With the east and west sides of the town being flanked by the Bhileswar and Nileshwar mountains, and surrounded by the Suraj Kund in the north and the Agni Kund in the south, this land of Lord Shankar is of great religious, historic and political significance.
Situated at the confluence of three rivers, namely, Saryu, Gomti and latent Bhagirathi, lies the holy township of Bageshwar, which is also revered to as the pious land associated with Lord Sadashiva, said to be the redeemer of all sins. This land of Lord Shankar is of great religious, historic and political significance. Winth numerous temples to visit in and around the town, this is a very suitable place to visit for religious devotees and the followers of Lord Shiva. The hillside town od Kausani, with its mesmerizing views and calm ambience, is also located in this district. Several trekking trips also originate from this district of Uttrakhand, making it an attractive destination for enthusiats of adventure sports. All in all, this place has something in it for everyone.
Gauri Udiyar, Bageshwar Overview
About 8 more km from the town, one can pay homage to one of the few holy shrines in the city, that are located inside a natural cave, at the Gauri Udiyar.
Sunderghunga Trek, Bageshwar Overview
Also known as Valley of Beautiful Stones (literal translation), is located in the Pindar region and the trek to this place starts from Song. The length of this picturesque trek is around 54 km.
To reach Song, one has to travel around 36 km from Bageshwar, which could be reached by a bus or a taxi. The route after that is Song to Loharkhet (3 km), Loharkhet to Dhakuri (11 km), Dhakuri to Kathi (8 km) and then Kathi to Sunderghunga Glacier (30 km). Both the treks (Pindari Glacier and Sunderghunga Glacier) has a common route till Kathi after which it diverges.
Chandrika Temple, Bageshwar Overview
At about 2 km away from the town, is the Chandika Temple, known to attract hoards of followers and inquisitive souls from around the world during the nine day long festival of the Hindu female deity, Goddess Durga.
Vijaypur, Bageshwar Overview
Vijaypur, located about 30 km away from Bageshwar, is a place where loads of people come just to enjoy the overall view of the place and to rejuvenate from their daily routine. The place offers you stunning views of mountains covered with snow.
Vijaypur is surrounded by many peaks and has nice plain areas around. It is the perfect place to enjoy breathtaking views of the snowcapped Himalayas. Many people visit the place to just enjoy the view and relax. The place would surely excite you as it offers beautiful views of the Himalayan ranges and it will leave you spellbound.
Pindari Glacier Trek, Bageshwar Overview
Pindari Glacier treks are organised by several tour operators. These are 5-15 day treks to about 15,000-16,000 ft, complete with tents, porters and guides. They are held in September-October, after the monsoons. The campsites are in scenic locations, far away from regular rest houses. In the Kumaon hills, visitors can head out on the stiff trek trails from Munsiyari to the Milam Glacier, Nimak Glacier and Nanda Devi National Park trail. Pindari glacier trek is accessed from Almora, and the Adi Kailash Trek _ã” out of Kausani.
Pindari Glacier Trek is popularly loved by trekkers and often mentioned as trekker’s paradise. Pindari glacier lies in Chamoli district of Dev Bhoomi, Uttarakhand at an elevation of 3,627 meters above sea level. With snout 6 meters high and 2.5 meters wide, Pindari glacier is 5Km long. Pindari glacier flows upto 3Km long with 300-400 meters width from the snout and crest. Pindari river flows to meet Alakananda river at Karnaprayag in Pauri Garhwal district.
Bigul, Bageshwar Overview
A tiny hamlet in the district of Bageshwar, Bigul offers amazing views of the Himalayas including the Nanda Devi and Panchachuli peaks. This place is also important historically as Britishers used Biguls (a form of instrument used for announcements) at this place to call nearby villagers in order to collect taxes from them.
Located around 32 km from the Bageshwar town, Bigul is a nice place to enjoy solitude. Dholinaag Temple is an important temple for the locals and is located at the highest point of the village.
Pandusthal Trek, Bageshwar Overview
Pandusthal is believed to be the place where the war between the Kauravas and the Pandavas took place. It is after a long trek of 20 km, will one reach this place that offers one of the most beautiful views of the Himalayas.
The view from the Pandusthal is so grand that you can even see the dangling glaciers near the peaks. For the trek, one needs to first reach Baisani by a bus or a car from Bageshwar (25 km). The trek starts from Baisani and the length of the trek is around 15 km and should be done in a day. One can stay overnight there as well and explore the region and return back the next day.